In the modern age diabetes is a most common disease that occurs in every 10th person in the whole world. Doctors and nutritionist working together and finds the way how to treat diabetes? In this disease blood glucose or blood sugar levels are very high. We obtain glucose by eating foods.This glucose provide energy to our cells with the help of insulin hormones. The three main types of diabetes are diabetes type 1, diabetes type 2 and gestational diabetes. In Diabetes 1 body does not prepare insulin hormone. While in diabetes 2 your body does not prepare insulin properly or not used prepared insulin in proper way. Due to this medicines are recommended by doctors to improve the usage of prepared insuline.
With proper diet, exercise and medication diabetes type 2 is easily the more common type which can be cured with proper diet, exercise and medication. If your body doesn’t prepare sufficient amount of insulin, the glucose stays in your blood. Sometime, blood sugar level is higher than normal value but not high enough to be called diabetes. This condition is called pre-diabetes . If you didn’t take proper care then pre-diabetes can be converted into type 2 diabetes.
Effects of Diabetes
High amount of glucose in your blood can cause many serious problems of eyes, kidneys, Slow healing, Hearing impairment, Skin conditions, Sleep apnea and neuropathy or nerves damage. Diabetes can also cause shrinkage of blood vessels, stroke and heart disease. Blood sugar level can also increases in women and they get diabetes during pregnancy. This diabetes is called gestational diabetes. Blood test shows if you have high amount of glucose in blood. These test can be perform with simple testing kits like Care Touch Diabetes Testing Kit, Diabetes Testing Kit and Prodigy Glucose Monitor Kit.
If you want to test your glucose for last 3 months then you should perform A1C test which can shows how are you managing your diabetes? Proper walk, exercise, weight control and proper meal plan can help you to control your diabetes. You should also check your blood sugar/ glucose level properly and take medicine if prescribed.
There are different types of diabetes and treatment condition depends on the type. Obesity or inactive lifestyle is not the main cause of all types of diabetes. In fact, some types of diabetes are present from childhood.
There are three major types of diabetes which are categorized as Diabetes Type 1, Diabetes Type 2 and Gestation Diabetes.
Diabetes Type 1
In this type of diabetes your body fails to produce insulin hormone which controls the level of glucose. So, people with this type of diabetes are considered as insulin dependent and they should take artificial insulin.
How to treat diabetes type 1?
The diabetes type 1 can’t be cure and reverse because patient pancreas didn’t prepare insulin hormone. Treatment of type 1 patient includes:
- Taking artificial insulin
- Avoid too much Carbohydrate, protein and fat
- Monitor your blood sugar regularly
- Should eat healthy foods
- Regular exercise and maintaining a healthy weight
Diabetes Type 2
According to National Institute of Diabetes, it is most common type of diabetes. In this type of Diabetes, body can’t produces insulin hormone properly or can’t use prepared insulin properly. Obesity and inactive life style is the major cause of type 2 diabetes.
How to treat diabetes type 2?
In some peoples, with proper care and healthy lifestyle diabetes type 2 can be reversed or cured but in all type 2 patient. So, regular checkup and treatment is also required for type 2 diabetes. Treatment of diabetes type 2 includes:
- Weight loss
- Healthy eating
- Regular exercise
- Blood sugar monitoring
- Diabetes medication (Metformin, Sulfonylureas, Meglitinides, Thiazolidinediones, Sitagliptin) or insulin therapy
These precautions will help to keep your blood glucose level closer to normal, which can prevent or delay complications.
It is not a serious type of diabetes and only occurs in some women during pregnancy when their body becomes less sensitive to insulin hormone. Gestational diabetes mostly easily cures after giving birth.The treatment for gestational diabetes depends on your blood glucose levels. In many cases, proper diet and exercise can cure gestational diabetes. But sometimes, you may need to take oral medication such as metformin (Glumetza, Glucophage) or injectable insulin to lower your blood sugar.
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It is a condition in which peoples have high blood sugar level in the range 100 to 125 mg/dL. This condition is called borderline diabetes or prediabetes. The normal persons have blood glucose level between 70 to 100 mg/dL. But a diabetic person will have fasting sugar more than 126 mg/dL.
The prediabetes condition means that blood sugar level is higher than normal but not so high to consider as diabetes. But prediabetes persons are at higher risk of developing diabetes type 2.
Prediabetes usually occurs due to:
- Being obese or overweight
- Having condition of High Blood Pressure (Hypersensitivity)
- Diabetes in Family members (Family history of diabetes)
- Having HDL (high-density lipoprotein) cholesterol level lower than 40 mg/dL (HDL)
- Giving birth to a child with a high birth weight of more than 9 pounds or having gestational diabetes
- Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS)
- having inactive or sedentary lifestyle
- being more than 40 to 45 years of age
- imbalanced diet
How to treat Pre-diabetes?
If you have prediabetes than doctor will recommended you to makes healthful changes that stops the prediabetes development into type 2 diabetes. These healthful changes must include balanced diet, walk, proper exercise and weight loss.
Effect of Balanced Diet and Exercise on Diabetes
Life style changes are usually recommended by doctors to treat diabetes type 2. These lifestyle changes include maintaining balanced diet and body weight.
Most of the doctor refer prediabetes or diabetes patient to a nutritionist because a specialist nutritionist can guide diabetes patient for maintaining their proper diet.
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The general tips for diet plan and lifestyle changes for prediabetes or diabetes patient is given as:
- Eat vegetables, fruits, whole grains, lean protein (Avoid red meat), healthy fat source (such as nuts) and low fat dairy.
- Don’t eat high-sugar foods which give empty calories and don’t have nutritional benefits, such as fried foods, fast foods, beverages and high-sugar sweets.
- Should avoid alcohol because it can cause imbalance hormones
- Exercise daily for 30 minutes (at least 5 to 6 days of the week): Walking, Jogging, Running, cycling, riding a bike, or swimming etc.
Doctors recommended slow and steady reduction in weight and body mass index (BMI) for maintaining diabetes and attaining long term achievements.
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